Run Revel Apps on Heroku

UPDATE: There have been some updates to my Revel Heroku Buildpack that make it work better and with newer versions of Revel. Check out the details.

Revel is a Play-like web framework for Go. I’m new to the Go programming language but I’ve heard good things. So I thought I’d take Revel for a spin and get it working on Heroku. Luckily there is already a Go Buildpack and a great article on how to use it.

To get Revel working on Heroku I had to make a few changes to Revel and create a modified buildpack. But it all works! Lets walk through the steps you can follow to deploy Revel apps on Heroku.

First lets get a simple Revel app working locally.
Step 1) Install Go
Step 2) Install Mercurial
Step 3) Install Git
Step 4) Create a new directory that will contain everything:

mkdir ~/go

Step 5) This new “go” directory will be your “GOPATH” so set that environment variable:

export GOPATH=~/go

Step 6) In the newly created “go” directory, get the original Revel source and my changes:

go get
go get

Step 7) Build the “revel” command:

go build -o bin/revel

Step 8) Grab my “hellorevel” sample app:

go get

Step 9) Start the local Revel server:

bin/revel run

Step 10) In your browser navigate to: http://localhost:9000

You should see a “hello, Revel” message. Lets walk through this simple app so you can get an idea of how it works.

The request you just made is mapped to code through the “conf/routes” file which contains:

# Routes
# This file defines all application routes (Higher priority routes first)
# ~~~~
GET     /                                       Application.Index

This tells Revel to handle HTTP GET requests to “/” with the “Application.Index” controller.

The “Application.Index” function is defined in the “app/controllers/app.go” file and contains:

package controllers
import (
type Application struct {
func (c Application) Index() rev.Result {
    message := "hello, Revel"
    return c.Render(message)

The “Index()” function creates a “message” string of “hello, Revel” and then returns the rendered template which received the “message” as a parameter.

The “app/views/Application/Index.html” template is used to get the HTML for the “Application.Index()” controller and contains:

<!DOCTYPE html>

This uses Go templates and uses the “message” parameter.

Feel free to make changes to the template and controller to see how Revel auto-recompiles the source.

Ok, now that you have the application running locally, lets deploy it on Heroku.

Step 1) Signup for a free Heroku account
Step 2) Install the Heroku Toolbelt
Step 3) Login to Heroku from the command line (this should also setup your SSH keys if you haven’t done so already):

heroku login

Step 4) Enter the directory for the “hellorevel” app and create a new application on Heroku which will use the Revel Buildpack:

cd ~/go/src/
heroku create --buildpack

Step 5) Upload the app to Heroku using Git:

git push heroku master

This will upload the application source, pull in all of the dependencies, and then deploy the application on Heroku. That process will look something like this:

jamesw@T420s:~/go/src/$ git push heroku master
Counting objects: 25, done.
Delta compression using up to 4 threads.
Compressing objects: 100% (19/19), done.
Writing objects: 100% (25/25), 2.46 KiB, done.
Total 25 (delta 2), reused 0 (delta 0)
-----> Heroku receiving push
-----> Fetching custom git buildpack... done
-----> Revel app detected
-----> Installing Go 1.0.3... done
       Installing Virtualenv...running virtualenv done
       Installing Mercurial... done
-----> Copying src to .go/src/pkg/_app
-----> Getting and building Revel
-----> Discovering process types
       Procfile declares types -> (none)
       Default types for Revel -> web
-----> Compiled slug size: 31.0MB
-----> Launching... done, v4 deployed to Heroku
 * [new branch]      master -> master

Step 6) Check out your Revel app on the cloud by running:

heroku open

That’s it! Deployment of Revel apps couldn’t be easier! Let me know if you have any questions or feedback on this. Thanks!